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NAS n 12.0Aircraft—New ications—Navigation—Surveillance—Airspace &Procedures—Enterprise Services—Facilities—HumanSystems Integration—Information Systems Security—SafetyAPPROVEDMarch 20181NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Table of Contents2Infrastructure Roadmap Legend3Aircraft Roadmaps4New Entrants Roadmaps14Automation Roadmaps23Airport Roadmaps33Weather Roadmaps39Communications Roadmaps48Navigation Roadmaps57Surveillance Roadmaps64Airspace & Procedures Roadmaps72Enterprise Services Roadmaps78Facilities Roadmaps84Human Systems Integration Roadmaps89Information Systems Security Roadmaps98Safety Roadmaps105Appendix A: Acronym List111NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Infrastructure Roadmap Legend2017 2018 2019Decision Point Fill ColorsTimelineXYZSystem / Service / Support ActivityXYZSupport Activity Owned byAnother DomainXYZProjectXYZPlanned (Unfunded) System/Service/Project*XYZNextGen Project (denoted by G CIP number)XYZOperational Node / Procedure / Capability / OtherArchitecture ObjectXDecommissionSystem successorFID###AMS (CRDR, IARD, IID, FID, BCD)###Policy###Strategy (JRC)###Strategy (Other)###Decision Point Owned by Another Roadmap###Regulatory MilestoneDecision Point Borders**System in Draw-Down Mode###Future Baselined Decision Point; HighPriority###Future Baselined Decision Point; NonHigh Priority###or###Completed Decision Point###or###Planning Decision Point* Applies to any fill color type** Applies to any Decision Point fill color type3NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Change #1ElementChangeAutomation(3 of 4)DP 830 (IARD)Status changed from‘Scheduled’ to‘Completed’JRC1/17/18Automation(3 of 4)DP 831 (IID)WaivedJRC1/17/18Facilities(1 of 3)DP 1090 (IARD)Status changed from‘Scheduled’ to‘Completed’JRC2/21/18Safety(1 of 3)Service: AirportSurface AnomalyInvestigationCapabilityUpdate acronym to‘ASAIC’NAS pprovalAuthorityNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

AircraftObjective: The Aircraft roadmap presents planned advances in Airframe and Avionics in coordination with NAS NextGenimprovements.5NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (1 of 28202920302031RNPRNP 2Domestic PBNRNP ARRNAVRNAV 1RNAV 2VNAVRVSMRNPOceanic PBNPosition, Navigation & Timing CapabilitiesRNP 1RNP 0.3RNP 10RNP 4 30/30RNAVRNAVVNAVPosition, Navigation & Timing Avionics ReceiversRVSM6GNSS/GPSAvionicsSBAS (WAAS)Avionics956220GBAS Cat IApproach AvionicsGBAS Cat II/III Approach AvionicsIRU AvionicsVOR AvionicsTACAN AvionicsDME AvionicsADF AvionicsILS Cat IApproach AvionicsILS Cat II/IIIApproach AvionicsNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (2 of 6)7Oceanic 272028202920302031Flight527ManagementSingle RTA used inflight managementOffset routes used in flight managementFANS 1/AFlightIntegrated Nav, Comm, Surv and flight management for oceanicoperations with clearance auto-load, future waypoint identification, RTA,performance contract with exception reporting, etc. used for ATC andincreased capacity/efficiencyFANS 1/A VDL2Equipage: AirborneB2 Equipage: AirborneDataComm SecurityNGSS Eval.FMSFANS 1/AFMSHFSATCOMADS-CLegacyACARS Eqpt. & Service of thirdparty service plus TDLS service(ATIS, PDC msg.)ACARS Eqpt. & Service of thirdparty (TWIP, MDCRS, AOC msg)A/G VoiceCommsA/G Data CommunicationsDomesticAirspaceTrajectory ManagementCYHFDLACARS Eqpt. & Service of thirdparty (TWIP, MDCRS, AOC msg)AirborneSATCOMFANS 1/A Eqpt. & Service (FANSCPDLC & FANS ADS msg)ACARS Eqpt. & Service of thirdparty (TWIP, MDCRS, AOC msg)AirborneUHF RadioAirborneVHF RadioAirborneHF RadioSupplemental Use of SAT VoiceSATCOMEqpt. & Svc.NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (3 of 6)CY201720182019ADS-B 920302031967ADS-B 1115CAVSADS-B InTIS-BMode 3/A/CTransponderMode STransponderTCASSafety EnhancementsACAS X – Segment 1841951ACAS-XACAS X – Segment 2TAWSELT8950954955NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (4 of 28202920302031Low Visibility OpsEFVSSVGSSVSWeatherSensorsMDCRSNew Airframesand PropulsionSMGCSUAS966DisplaysMoving MapCDTIHUDControlsEFBAuto-PilotAuto-Throttle9NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (5 of 6)2017201820192020LED 920302031239SVA-ASA, Synthetic Vision System - Aircraft State AwarenessAircraft Cybersecurity Initiative (ACI) R&DAIS Data LinkRTCASC-206Safety & SecurityEnhancementsCYEDR MOPSDO-XXX Guidelines for In Situ EDR Algorithm PerformanceDO-358A MOPS for FIS-B with UATRTCASC-214DO-224D Signal-in-Space MASPS for Advanced VHF Digital Data Comm.DO-224E Signal-in-Space MASPS for Advanced VHF Digital Data Comm.DO-281C MOPS for Aircraft VDL Mode 2RTCASC-222DO-281D MOPS for Aircraft VDL Mode 2Revised DO-343A with System Specific Attachment from IridiumRevised DO-262C with Technique Specific Normative Appendix from Iridium1130Human Error Prevention & Mitigation Strategies for TBO Conceptsthat May Rely on Defining Waypoints (Lat/Lon) in ½ Degrees1131HumanPerformance11341135FAA System Safety Guidance: Development of FeasibleHuman Error Assessment Method AlternativesEnhanced Helicopter Vision Systems: Human Factors Examinationof Heads-Up/Head-Worn Display Technologies and ConceptsHuman Factors Requirements for the Use of EFVS During Takeoffat Airports with Reduced and/or Degraded NAS Infrastructure1040Human Factors LVO SMGCS Infrastructure Research – Phase 11042ATC UAS Lost Link OperationsRTCA SC-233, Addressing Human Factors /Pilot Interface Issues for AvionicsEvaluation of Flight Deck System Alternatives toMitigate Aircraft Energy State Awareness Risks1044101043Human Factors Recommendations for Conducting Low Visibility Flight Operationsin Transport Category Aircraft Using SVGS Information on HDDs and HUDsNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap (6 of 6)RTCA SC-147 TCAS & SC-186 ADS-B 025202620272028202920302031Future Collision AvoidanceSystems841ACAS-Xa, ACAS-XoMOPSACAS-Xu MOPS1001A-IM SPR Interoperability1113Advanced FIM MOPS111411Command and Control (C2)UASSC-228Airworthiness961Small UAS AW AC Developed962Identify and Standardize UniqueUAS Airworthiness (AW)Requirements (beyond sUASRule)957963966BVLOS C2 Frequency andManagement and Allocation ProgramsBVLOS C2 SpectrumManagement Framework andAllocation Requirements DefinedNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap: AssumptionsIdentifier12DescriptionAC-01The roadmap identifies four phasesa) CONOPs development and R&D in required areasb) Standards developmentc) AVS Approvald) ATC Procedure developmente) Deployment. After the standards process is complete, and manufacturers have developed,integrated, fully tested and made new avionics available, aircraft, engines and fuels available, anadditional 7 to 10 years is needed to achieve wide scale equipage of a new capability1. Different aircraft are expected to equip with different equipment. This roadmap does notcurrently distinguish between aircraft types.AC-02The aircraft roadmap includes environment research areas and assumptions and linkage to MissionSupport EA.AC-03Any aircraft to include any UAS that participates in the NAS must operate in a way that is transparent tothe ANSP and ATSP.NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 2)13DP #TargetDate CYHighPriority2202026 Q4No2392020 Q4No5272018 Q2No8412017 Q1No9502018 Q4No9512019 Q4No9542017 Q3No9552018 Q3No9562022 Q4No9572018 Q4No9612017 Q4No9622019 Q3No9632018 Q1No9662019 Q3No9672020 Q1No10012022 Q2No10402017 Q3No10422017 Q3No10432020 tegyNew RegulatoryAircraftMilestoneHuman Systems Strategy(Other)IntegrationHuman Systems StrategyIntegration(Other)Human Systems StrategyIntegration(Other)NavigationNameDecision to Cut Over to Dual Frequency / Multi-Constellation Operations Based on Completion ofDual Frequency (GPS L1 and L5) Development & TestingStrategy Decision to Proceed with ALS (I) Production LED Lamps for MALSR SystemsPublication of a Proposed Set of Trajectory Management Performance LevelsStrategy Decision to Move Forward on WP2 for UAS GA Collision Avoidance (ACAS-Xu and ACASXp)ACAS-X Segment 1 MOPSTSO ACAS-XTSO-C151d: Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)TSO-C126c: Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)Publication of SBAS Dual-Frequency/Multi-Constellation (DFMC) MOPSC2 Protected Spectrum Management and Allocation Systems Acquisition Strategy DeterminedAdvisory Circular (AC) Invoked for Airborne Detect and Avoid (DAA) for UAS - Phase 1Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS) for UAS Detect and Avoid (DAA) - Phase 2(SC-228)Advisory Circular (AC) Invoked for Command and Control for UAS OperationsSatellite UAS Command and Control MOPS (SC-228)ADS-B Out Equipage Rule ImplementedTSO ACAS-XuDecision on the Implementation Strategy of Human Factors LVO SMGCS Guidelines – Phase 1Decision on the Implementation Strategy of ATC UAS Lost Link GuidelinesDecision on the Approval & Implementation Strategy of Human Factors Aircraft Energy StateDisplay and Alerting GuidelinesNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 2)14DP #TargetDate CYHighPriorityPrimaryDomain10442019 Q4NoHuman SystemsIntegration11132019 Q4NoAircraft11142019 Q4NoAircraft11152019 Q4NoAircraft10302019 Q4No10312021 Q1No11342020 Q4No11352019 Q4NoHuman SystemsIntegrationHuman SystemsIntegrationHuman SystemsIntegrationHuman her)NameDecision on the Implementation Strategy of Human Factors SVGS GuidelinesAdvanced FIM SPR InteroperabilityAdvanced FIM MOPSRevisions to ADS-B MOPSDecision on the Approval & Implementation Strategy of HF Guidance for the Presentation of ½Degree Waypoints to UsersDecision on the Approval and Implementation Strategy of Human Factors System Safety GuidanceDecision on the Approval and Implementation Strategy of Human Factors Guidance for HelicopterAdvanced Vision SystemsDecision on the Approval and Implementation Strategy of Human Factors Guidance for the Use ofEFVS During Departure OperationsNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New EntrantsObjective: The New Entrants roadmap provides a consolidated timeline of activities and investments, both active andplanned, required to integrate UAS and Commercial Space into the NAS.15NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (1 of 7: 022FID1101202320242025202620272028202920302031UAS Enhancements 1AutomationERAM Enhancements 2NavigationCommunicationsERAMSurveillanceNAS Domain – Systems & ServicesLAANC16NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (2 of 7: AS Domain – Systems & ServicesAirportCY17NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (3 of 7: 28202920302031Enterprise ServicesFacilitiesOtherHSINAS Domain – Systems & ServicesAircraftCY18NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (4 of 7: ional ConceptExplorationSuper 60: CONOPS for UAS and Space Operations above 60,000 ft (Concept Development)Operational ConceptValidation2028202920302031Identify and StandardizeCertification Requirementsfor Pilot/CrewConceptDevelopmentMajor Training2017Super 60: Shortfall Analysis for UAS and Space Operations in Class E Airspace Above 60,000 ft (Concept Exploration)Policy Assessmentand DevelopmentServices & InfrastructureAll UASServicesCYUAS Flight Information ManagementUAS Concept Validation and Requirements DevelopmentUnmanned Traffic ManagementIdentify and StandardizeUnique UAS Airworthiness(AW) Requirements(beyond sUAS Rule)Definition of Weather Standards for UAS FlightUAS Weather RequirementssUAS small UAS19mUAS medium-sized UASlUAS Large UASNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (5 of 7: 0272028202920302031TSO Invoked for Terrestrial C2 for UAS Operations966MOPS for SATCOM C2 Data LinksCommand & Control (C2)PIC-ATC Ground-to-Ground Comms via NVSUAS FAFu ManualAssignmentFAFu Semi-Automatic w/ FlightPlanning CoordinatorFAFu Fully AutomatedServer-BasedFAFu Integration with FPCFPC/FAFu Integration into OCDSMOCDSM Integration with Hybrid Manned/Unmanned NASCPDLC for UAS NAS-wideDetect and Avoid(DAA)Standards Certification and DevelopmentAll UASServices & Infrastructure957961TSO Invoked for Detect and Avoid (DAA) for UAS Operations – Phase 1962MOPS for UAS Detect and Avoid (DAA) – Phase 2Identify and Standardize Unique Navigation Requirements for UASDevelop UAS Advisory CircularIdentify and Standardize Unique UAS Airworthiness (AW) Requirements: VLOS Urban OpsIdentify and Standardize Unique UAS Airworthiness (AW) Requirements: EVLOSServicesmUAS/lUAS sUASIdentify and Standardize Unique UAS Airworthiness (AW) Requirements: BVLOSSmall UAS Detect and Avoid Requirements Necessary for Limited Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) OperationsUAS Command and Control C2 Link CompatibilityUAS Maintenance, Modification, Repair, Inspection, Training, and Certification ConsiderationsUAS Navigation Performance, Accuracy, and ReliabilitysUAS small UAS20mUAS medium-sized UASlUAS Large UASNAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (6 of 7: Commercial 272028202920302031Space Data Integrator (SDI) Prototype SustainIARD1023IID1024FID1025SDI 2FID1143SIE (SDI Phase 2)IARD1141Space Integration Enhancements 1ConceptOperationalPolicyOperational Operational OperationalDevelopment n Development. Exploration ValidationSupporting ActivitiesServicesServices & InfrastructureAll SVOSpace Traffic Management (STM)SVO HITL #3 - Oceanic Concept ValidationSVO HITL #2 - Terminal Concept ValidationSpace Integration Enhancements for the ATODevelop methodology to assess impact to NAS users during launch and reentry operationsReview existing policies and regulations to identify areas that may need to be examined in more detailConduct an in-depth review of existing policies and regulations to provide recommendations for future changesSuper 60: Shortfall Analysis for UAS and Space Operations in Class E Airspace Above 60,000 ft (Concept Exploration)Super 60: CONOPS for UAS and Space Operations above 60,000 ft (Concept Development)SVO Space Vehicle Operations LV Launch Vehicle RV Reentry Vehicle21NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap (7 of 7: Commercial Space)Technical 42025202620272028202920302031Research and develop capabilities to streamline coordination processConduct Validation Activities for SVO Dynamic Debris Mitigation conceptTechnical Opportunity InvestigationAdvanced SurveillanceCapabilitiesDevelop Concept for 4D Compact Envelope for Space VehiclesDevelop Operational Procedures for 4D Compact EnvelopeOperator PlanningPortal AssessmentNominal LV/RV Operations Sequencing Approach AssessmentTechnical Demonstrations and PrototypingServices & InfrastructureAll SVOAnalytical Improvements for Aircraft Hazard Area (AHA) ReductionOperator Launch Site Safety and Integration AssessmentDevelop FIXM 5.0 U.S. Extension Operational InputAutomate space vehicle status to allow off-nominal assessment by hazard analysis toolDevelop capability for display of safety/statusinformation on launch/reentry ops to the flight deckSVO Space Vehicle Operations LV Launch Vehicle RV Reentry Vehicle22NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

New Entrants Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 1)23DP #TargetDate CYHighPriorityPrimaryDomain9572018 Q4NoNew Entrants9612017 Q4NoAircraft9622019 Q3NoAircraft9632018 Q1NoAircraft9662019 Q3NoAircraft10232017 Q2NoNew EntrantsIARD10242018 Q4NoNew EntrantsIIDInitial Investment Decision (IID) for Space Data Integrator (SDI) Development and Acquisition10252019 Q4NoNew EntrantsFIDFinal Investment Decision (FID) for Space Data Integrator (SDI) Development and Acquisition10982019 Q3NoNew EntrantsCRDRConcept and Requirements Definition Readiness (CRDR) Decision for UAS Enhancements 110992020 Q3NoNew EntrantsIARDInvestment Analysis Readiness Decision (IARD) for UAS Enhancements 111002021 Q3NoNew EntrantsIIDInitial Investment Decision (IID) for UAS Enhancements 111012022 Q4NoNew EntrantsFIDFinal Investment Decision (FID) for UAS Enhancements 111412019 Q4NoNew EntrantsIARD11422020 Q4NoNew EntrantsIIDInitial Investment Decision (IID) for Space Integration Enhancements 111432021 Q4NoNew EntrantsFIDFinal Investment Decision (FID) for Space Integration Enhancements 111442018 Q4NoNew EntrantsCRDRConcept and Requirements Definition Readiness (CRDR) Decision for Space Data Integrator (SDI)Phase 211452019 Q4NoNew EntrantsIARDInvestment Analysis Readiness Decision (IARD) for Space Data Integrator (SDI) Phase 211462020 Q4NoNew EntrantsIIDInitial Investment Decision (IID) for Space Data Integrator (SDI) Phase 211472021 Q4NoNew EntrantsFIDFinal Investment Decision (FID) for Space Data Integrator (SDI) Phase C2 Protected Spectrum Management and Allocation Systems Acquisition Strategy DeterminedAdvisory Circular (AC) Invoked for Airborne Detect and Avoid (DAA) for UAS - Phase 1Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS) for UAS Detect and Avoid (DAA) - Phase 2(SC-228)Advisory Circular (AC) Invoked for Command and Control for UAS OperationsSatellite UAS Command and Control MOPS (SC-228)Investment Analysis Readiness Decision (IARD) for Commercial Space Integration Into the NASInvestment Analysis Readiness Decision (IARD) for Space Integration Enhancements 1NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

AutomationObjective: The Automation Roadmap presents an Executive View (EV) of the current automation systems supporting theNational Airspace System (NAS) and their enhancement, sustainment or replacement through major developmentprograms and support activities. The Automation Roadmap is intended to convey the major automation program strategyand acquisition decision points as well as program execution through the In-Service Decision. The roadmap serves as asummary view of more detailed plans within each development program.24NAS Infrastructure Roadmaps, Version 12.0 January 2018

Automation Roadmap (1 of 4)CY2017201820192021FID904IARD903TFM-I Field/Remote Site TRTFM 2920302031TFM-I Core TR2IARD IIDCRDRFID1118 TFM